Calpe is a coastal town located on the Costa Blanca, in the province of Alicante by the Mediterranean Sea. Calpe is located 67 km from the city of Alicante, lying at the foot of the Natural Park of Penyal d'Ifac.
Calpe and its neighboring town of Teulada visitor can enjoy the fishing harbor and the yacht harbor. Calpe weather is one of the mildest around the Costa Blanca due to the close mountains. Calpe has all of the charm of a Mediterranean fishing village: in its streets you'll be able to take in the sea air, enjoy the relaxed atmosphere and marvel on the unmistakable gentle of the Costa Blanca. Based on 2010 knowledge from the Spanish Statistics Institute, the city has a inhabitants of 29,909 inhabitants.
Numerous towns have been established on the foot of the Peñon de Ifach all through history, because the occasions of the Phoenicians who discovered an excellent refuge right here on their routes along the Mediterranean coast, the Romans, who settled in the so-referred to as "Baños de la Reina" (Queen's baths), on the shore of the outcrop, as much as the Muslims. Within the 18th century, with the expulsion of the Muslims, King Peter IV of Aragon fortified the city to defend it from assaults by the Moors. The 'Peñon' is taken into account to be a strategic space for coastal defence.
The enigmatic Penon de Ifach stands proudly at 332m at the head of Calpe, surrounded by the shimmering blue of the Mediterranean Sea. It's a huge calcareous rock, joined to the mainland by a detritic isthmus. With a protected surface area of just forty five hectares, Penon de Ifach is among the smallest nature reserves in Europe. Despite its measurement, the reserve attracts roughly a hundred,000 guests each year.
Historical past of Penon de Ifach
All through history, Penon de Ifach has served a number of purposes. In the 4th to 3rd centuries earlier than Christ, there was an Iberian village on the foot of the rock, on its western side. Later, in Roman times, the settlement moved to the isthmus joining the rock to the mainland, although findings affirm that the sides of the rock have been as soon as once more inhabited throughout the Center Ages.
Penon de Ifach once served as a landmark for mariners. It was then used as a watchtower, with its lofty peak of 332m offering an excellent vantage level to identify approaching pirates and invaders. Regardless of finest efforts, continuing attacks from the ocean pressured inhabitants down to the village of Calpe.